What is Tai Chi?
Tai Chi, which has been inherited as a martial art and martial art, is a general flow that starts from the basics and progresses to Taolu, Thruster, and Sanshou, and learns the technique of Tai Chi.
Taolu is performed with gentle and flowing movements, and you will learn the correct posture and body operation method, force transmission method and will, and mental control method, and acquire various combat techniques.
The movement in actual combat is not slow, but rather agile and powerful for experienced players.
Tai Chi is an advanced technique of martial arts that senses the strength, will, will, and direction of the opponent, removes the opponent's power with flexible movements, and uses one's own power most rationally.
Tai Chi training relaxes the mind and body, consciously controls the internal and external movements of the body, and combines it with natural breathing to perform slowly and gently. Each movement of tai chi always draws an arc, the movement is uninterrupted and consistent, the consciousness leads the movement, harmonizes with deep and calm breathing, and after the tai chi movement, the blood vessels of the whole body are circulated and the breathing is rough. Instead, you will feel comfortable both physically and mentally, and your spirit will come alive.
Originally, Taijiken is a noble martial art that gained enlightenment such as "Goju Sou", "False and Unnecessary Power" after training various practical martial arts, and it is one of the extreme martial arts. However, it contains the philosophy that was thought to be, and from the thought / philosophy and natural and meek movements, even elderly people and people with a weak constitution can participate according to their physical strength, and in recent years, slow movements and breathing. Physical education and healing effects for patients with chronic diseases by strengthening the muscle strength of the lower body, which has a good effect and influence on the organs, cardiovascular system, digestive system, autonomic nervous system, central nervous system, and cerebral cortex system, and leads to prevention of aging. It is said that this is remarkable, and it has spread around the world as medical health as a health method (lifetime sports) that can participate in a wide range of age groups of men and women of all ages, and as complementary and alternative medical care.
Origin of Tai Chi
It is said that Zhang Sanfeng, the Yuan dynasty, learned martial arts at Shaolin Temple and then entered Mt.
Tai Chi used to have various names such as "Changquan", "Kocotton", "Jusansei", "Soft Hand", "Soft Fist", "Kaken", and "Tai Chi". It is believed that the name "Taijiquan" has taken root since he wrote "Taijiquan Theory," which begins with "Yin and Yang Mother Ya."
Regarding other origins, Chen Wangting, the royal court of Chen IX, added various elements of martial arts to the martial arts that were handed down as a family biography to the Chen family who were forcibly relocated to Changyang Village, Wen County, Henan Province (currently Chen Jiazou) in the Ming dynasty. There is a study by Tang Hao, a martial arts history researcher, who said that the combination was founded from the end of the Ming dynasty to the beginning of the Qing dynasty. Then, in the late Qing dynasty, Yang Luchan, a disciple of Chen Changxing, went to Beijing to popularize it. Since Wang Zongyue's "Taijiquan theory" was emphasized as a martial arts theory, it is said that the name "Taijiquan" came to be used from there. Today, there are various denominations such as Chen-style Taijiquan, Yang-style Taijiquan, and Wu-style Taijiquan.
Tai Chi is a martial art that was created by combining the Yin-Yang idea and the ancient Chinese "guidance method" and "vomiting method" while organizing martial arts, and it is said that it has a history of more than 300 decades now. It has been
It is said to be the origin of all Tai Chi, which has been handed down mainly by the Chen clan in Chenjia-dori, Henan Province. It is characterized by its flexible and gentle movements, and its dynamic tremor and fa jin, which are delivered by operating the whole body in a unified manner by means of matoi (a method of action of force by the reason of the spiral).
It was founded by Yang Luchan, a disciple of Chen Changxing, the 14th century, and was widely taught by his disciples in Beijing in the 19th century. The movement is soft and stretchy, and at first glance it does not perform violent movements, which is a big difference from Chen-style Taijiquan.
It was founded by Zenyu, who learned from Yang Luchan but became a subordinate of Yang Pan-hou, who was a child at the direction of Yang Luchan himself, and his child, Wu Jianquan. Unlike other schools, taking a forward leaning posture is known for its unique style of lightness, agility, and smoothness in all formulas.
It was founded by Sun Lutang. The method of Xing Yi Quan, the method of Baguazhang, and the method of Wu-shiki Tai Chi are integrated. It is also called Kaiai Katsuho Tai Chi because it links movements by opening and changes by rapid Katsuho.
<Wu Shiki Tai Chi>
After Yang Luchan's friend Wu Yuxiang learned Chen Qing Taijiquan from Rozen, he became a disciple of Chen Qingping and learned Chen Qing Taijiquan in earnest. Until recent years, it had a conservative attitude, such as being handed down only to relatives, so there are very few people who have handed it down. It is said that the name of Tai Chi was derived.
The above five Tai Chi schools are called "Five Great Tai Chi".
Enacted Tai Chi
<Simplified 24-form Tai Chi>
In 1956, the People's Republic of China Sports Movement Committee set out to investigate and study the arrangement of the unique Tai Chi Taolu, which is relatively widespread among the masses. We removed the duplicated movements in the unique Taolu, modified the past "difficult at first, easy afterwards" order, and summarized the main configurations and technical contents. Based on the requirements that it is easy at first, difficult later, and that the content is simple and clear, the "Simplified Tai Chi" (24-form tai chi) is designed to be easy for beginners to learn, practice, and grasp. It was organized. This simplified 24-form tai chi is divided into eight groups, and there are twenty-four types of movements, including "starting" and "gaining".
<Comprehensive 42-form Tai Chi>
Of the martial arts (international name: WUSHU) competitions appointed as official events at the 11th Beijing Asian Games in 1990, Changquan, Nanken, and Tai Chi, as the prescribed tactics (type) for Tai Chi competitions. It was announced in the late 1980s. Comprehensive Tai Chi is also called "42-style Taijiquan" because of the number of movements, and like the 48-form Tai Chi, it is based on Yang-style Taijiquan and is a combination of Chen, Wu, and Son-style movements. .. The content is graceful and has many attractive movements, so it is very popular all over the world.
<Type 32 Tai Chi / Type 42 Tai Chi>
Compiled as an introduction to Tai Chi weapons. The "32-type Tai Chi" compiled based on the Yang-style Taijiquan and the "42-type Tai Chi" (comprehensive Tai Chi) that combines the movements of the Chen family, Yang-style, and Wu-style as a competition troupe. is there. Along with the general Tai Chi, it is actively held in competitions.
Tai Chi, which has been inherited as a martial art and martial art, generally starts with the basics and progresses to Taolu, Thruster, and Sanshou, and learns the technique of Tai Chi. Taolu is performed with gentle and flowing movements, and you will learn the correct posture and body operation method, force transmission method and will, and mental control method, and acquire various combat techniques. The movement in actual combat is not slow, but rather agile and powerful for experienced players. In addition, some of the taolu exercises are fast movements, and in the practice of thrusters, as martial arts and combat techniques such as correct posture and body operation, technique to maintain proper contact with the opponent, ability to feel the opponent, etc. You can deepen your understanding of. To the skill of Tai Chi, it is said that the thruster and the taolu are the two wheels of a car, and in fact, it is said that Tai Chi cannot be understood in the true sense without the thruster.
Tai Chi training request
The movement of Tai Chi is not urgent, but it is practiced gently, calmly, mentally and physically slowly, and first learn the movement and grasp the point. Keep the speed of tai chi uniform from start to finish.
The height of the waist is initially high, and the degree of height is determined at the time of "starting up". Subsequent movements keep the waist height almost the same. For those who do not have much physical strength or leg strength, in order to seek health, you can raise your hips and relax and practice, and as your physical strength and muscular strength are strengthened, you may lower your hips, but lowering your hips is direct. , It cannot be said that it leads to the enhancement of physical strength and muscular strength. The most required constant in the training of Tai Chi is the "spirit god", which is to keep and enhance the body, mind and qi.
The Tai Chi movement has internal and external requirements. The upper and lower limbs are required to move slowly under constant flexion or looseness. In addition, a certain amount of exercise is expected because it is necessary to concentrate and unify the level of movement inside (breathing and consciousness) and outside (movement and shape) of the whole body. And what connects the inside and the outside is the intention, and one of the momentums is to work the most on the combination of the source of power, distribution, usage, and truth. Externally, the amount of exercise of the lower limbs is relatively large, and it is required to clarify the truth of both legs, and the weight is always burdened on one leg. Since the movement is required to be performed slowly in the process of moving the center of gravity, a relatively long time is spent and the burden on the lower limbs is greatly increased. Those who are not confident in their physical fitness must adjust the appropriate amount of exercise based on their physical condition. Patients with chronic illness do not have too much exercise each time, but gradually increase the amount of exercise, and take appropriate measures for the amount of exercise, do more at one time, do not seek early, and do not rush to success.
Tai chi, like any other exercise, needs to continue without quitting. It is preferable to practice in your leisure time based on your work, habits, and study time. Don't stop practicing because you are satisfied just by learning the shape, you already recognize that you have improved, or you feel that your condition has improved. By continuing Taijiquan, physical strength enhancement and therapeutic / preventive effects can be obtained.
Mind body pine
"Mental calm" Calm "Pineal gland" Relaxing body "Mental calm" Eliminate all confusion as much as possible. Keep your mind stable at all times so that your nerves can be devoted to the movements of each detail.
"Body pine" Keep your whole body relaxed naturally and not subject to any restraint or pressure.
Continuous circle activity
"Continuous" means that the front and back are connected without interruption or interruption of the connection of movements.
"Circle activity" is to connect naturally and in order to operate.
Soft and loose uniform
Tai Chi's request for "exercise-like drawing" is that it doesn't cut off like taking a thread from a cocoon, it doesn't have a strong force, it doesn't stagnate, and it doesn't suddenly increase or decrease in speed. To make the movement soft, gentle and even. If the movement is too slow, the spirit will be distracted, so the spirit should be consistent, breathing should be natural, and the movement should not be interrupted.
Top and bottom
There is no place where the "moving, immovable" movement does not move in each part of the whole body.
The power is transmitted from the legs to the legs and hips, and the whole body is determined mainly by the hips.
What is required by "upper and lower limbs, peripheral coordination" is the harmony between the upper and lower limbs and the torso, the close relationship between one movement and the next movement is the external coordination, and the harmony of consciousness, breathing, and movement is the internal coordination.
Movement, body, mind, and the natural world always have contradictory elements and change in reality. In Tai Chi, the completion of movement, where the center of gravity is, the main content, tension is "real", process movement, what assists the center of gravity, auxiliary response, relaxation is "imaginary", and this is clearly recognized and understood.・ Distinguish.
"False in the imaginary, imaginary in the real" Facts understand and unify what is in conflict with Goju, inside and outside, and yin and yang. Contradictory things cannot be absolutely paired, they are interdependent and they are converted.
The effect of Tai Chi
Tai Chi, a complementary and alternative medicine / lifelong sport
The purpose of modern Tai Chi training is to learn Tai Chi, which has a history of thousands of years, in an easy-to-understand manner, and in addition to the Chinese philosophy of modern exercise, yin and yang, truth, inside and outside, front and back, and offense and defense. , It is to practice to infiltrate exercise and knowledge into daily life habits by adding original know-how that fuses knowledge (Yin-Yang five elements theory) and thought from the viewpoint of Chinese medicine.
Tai Chi efficiently moves the muscle fibers of the whole body with slow and conscious whole body exercise, and especially the muscles of the legs and hips are strengthened and has a "fall prevention effect".
The movement is said to be "without intentional use of force", and the movement guided by consciousness increases blood circulation in the cerebral cortex, activates the cerebrum, generates alpha waves in the brain waves, secretes endorphins, and "feelings". It creates "goodness" and has a positive effect on the mental and emotional aspects. Tai Chi exercise improves cardiopulmonary function and maintains good blood properties, resulting in increased self-defense immunity, resistance to illness, and improvement to a constitution that recovers quickly even if it does, natural healing power, Self-healing power and immunity are activated.
Tai Chi, which is said to be a "lifelong sport," moves slowly and at a uniform speed without using force, so it is not in the lifestyle of modern people, and it is usually used to keep the balance of limbs and move slowly. It uses loose muscles and nervous system, and relaxes the movements, so you can understand your own physical and mental condition well, and you can adjust the stiff and uncomfortable parts by the movement of Tai Chi.